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ARCADE Open Online Course in Health System Strengthening

This course is supported under ARCADE project
Last date of application is 25th August 2015

Background

Health for everyone is considered as the fundamental human right. This can be achieved through an organized and well established healthcare delivery system. Health system has played a vital role in delivering efficient health services and contributed in attaining good health to numerous men, women & children all over the world. Over the past two decades, lots of deliberations and efforts have taken place on reforming the health systems in different countries to make it more efficient and effective. Some results are visible in terms of reduction in Infectious diseases, Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) and Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR). But new threats like emerging & re-emerging diseases are here. Diseases like H1N1, Ebola are creating pandemic threats. In addition due to urbanization and lifestyle changes across the globe, chronic & non-communicable diseases like CVD, Respiratory Diseases, Autoimmune Diseases, Obesity, Psychiatric problems, road accidents etc are increasing enormously. Government & various international health agencies are working hard to tackle these health issues globally but challenges like financing in healthcare, providing equity and quality in healthcare delivery continue to plague the program manager and policy makers. According to current data, numerous gaps and inequity in health profile of the population can be seen among middle income & low income countries due to socioeconomic, cultural and demographic factors which are critical determinants of health. To increase the efficiency and effectiveness, the local health system should take into account such factors during planning and intervention of policies and programs. Failing to factor these important social determinants of health, the health system cannot be strengthened enough to achieve ambitious health goals like MDG’s, Universal coverage etc. Health system should be people centered and responsive to the needs of the community. A transformational approach to the health system which factors for dimensions like socio-cultural diversities, quality, equity & access is the need of the poor. Therefore, a strong health system is required globally which should provide equity in healthcare and financial security to everyone. This module focuses on health system and its varying functions & components and also enlightens the steps taken worldwide to tackle the inequity in health. The module is divided into 14 online lectures which demonstrate a better understanding of health system. The session will also cover global challenges faced by health systems and financial protection schemes launched by government of various countries to provide financial protection to everyone. Program monitoring & evaluation is a very important step to deliver health services as it demonstrates the latest health status and needs of community by focusing on gaps in health services and also guide in reforming pathway to achieve a strong health system. Therefore, the module will also address the critical aspects of program planning and frameworks used to monitor & evaluate health related programs.

Aims & Objectives

Upon completion of this course, the participants will be able to perform the following:

  • To appreciate systems approach of problem solving and understanding health care delivery as a system
  • To appreciate the global and regional challenges faced by the health system and probable roadmap to deal with these challenges
  • To understand the different components of the health system especially Human resource, Finance and their roles and interactions in shaping up the system
  • To make an appropriate program planning which is context specific and addresses the complexity of the local health system
  • To understand and develop an appropriate Monitoring and Evaluation system to guide the programs

Course Design and Duration

The course is designed for a period of three months through distance learning using computer based online program. It is a distance learning online program, largely online lectures and complemented with self- taught and study material.

Eligibility Criteria

Candidates with graduate or post graduate degree preferably in medical, para-medical, management or social science field are suitable to apply for this course. However, candidates with at least graduate level qualification in any other stream, with keen interest and broad understanding of public health sector, are also encouraged to apply.

Course Content

The course comprises of 14 lectures on different aspects relating to various aspects of health systems. The lectures are as follows:

  • Perspectives on health systems and systems thinking
  • Health systems challenges
  • The WHO Building Blocks & World Bank Control Knob framework
  • The global burden of disease: Health status and challenges worldwide
  • Universal health coverage
  • Human resource for health
  • Partnerships in health systems strengthening
  • Pro-poor pathways to universal health care and social health protection
  • Basics of health care financing: Concept, functions and methods
  • Equity In health financing: Meaning, measurements and impacts
  • Critical aspects of program planning
  • Introduction to program monitoring & evaluation
  • Framework for program monitoring & evaluation
  • Managing health information

Teaching and Training Methodology

The module will be taught in blended format which includes the following activities:

  • Audio recorded lectures in PowerPoint format.
  • Online Discussion forum
  • E-text book
Each session contains few essential & some additional reading lists that is available online with open access*. Once gone through the lecture with PowerPoint slides, students should read the essential reading list to develop more understanding about the topic. Additional readings can be beneficial to explore the topic in depth.
Program Officer:
  • Program Fee: Indian: 0 INR , South Asian Candidates : SAARC states "Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka".

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    0 USD , Other International Candidates: 0 USD